The Chinese Society for Electrical Engineering (CSEE) is a nonprofit, non-governmental academic and professional organization of scientists and engineers in the electrical engineering field. The CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems (JPES) is dedicated to reporting the new development of academic research in the fields of power and energy systems. The journal provides an international platform for authors to maximize the reach and in uence of their contributions.


Yinbiao Shu, Chair
Mingliang Xie Jianbo Guo Yonghua Song, Vice-Chair


Xiaoxin Zhou
China Electric Power Research Institute,


Qinghua Wu
South China University of Technology,

CSEE JPES Advisory Board Members

CSEE JPES Editorial Board Members

Publishing Consultant

CSEE JPES Editorial Department

Editorial Director: Haofang Liu
English Language Editor: Sunanda Vittal
Secretary of Editorial Board: Wen Zhou, Jun Yu
Production Editor: Shulan Li

Address: Xiaoyingdonglu 15, Qinghe, Haidian District, Beijing, China, 100192
Tel: 86-10-82812536, Email:

Price and Publication Information: Individual copies: $20.00 (first copy only). Subscription prices are available upon request. (Note: Postage and handling charge not included.) Copyright: CSEE owns the copyrights to all copyrightable material in its technical publications and to the individual contributions contained therein.

Editor's Message

Xiaoxin ZhouAs the Editor-in-Chief for the CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems, I would like to welcome all of you working in the power and energy community worldwide to publish your articles in this journal, written in English and at the first time published jointly by CSEE (The Chinese Society for Electrical Engineering), IEEE (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering) and CEPRI (China Electric Power Research Institute).

Over the past few decades, the areas of power and energy systems have been developed significantly all over the world to face challenges in the energy crisis and environmental emissions. During this period of time, the infrastructures of power generation, transmission and distribution evolve with utilization of distributed renewable and sustainable energies, which brings over significant changes of traditional power and energy systems. A range of new methodologies and technologies have been innovated via a variety of research and development activities in the fields of extra-high voltage transmission, HVAC/DC transmission, distributed power generation using wind and solar power, integrated energy systems, micro-grids, power market, power system planning and operation, power system reliability and control, power electronics, telecommunication and information management etc. Particularly a huge number of young engineers and scientists have devoted, with support from the power and energy industries worldwide, to tackling such challenges. It is our resounding belief that this journal is launched in a timely manner to meet the requirements of all of you and plays an important role in setting up a platform for information exchange between the Chinese power and energy community and the wider international community. This journal aims to serve you with support from a large group of international reviewers, enabling you to disseminate your academic and technological achievements rapidly and to a broad range of readers. I hope that your publications in this journal will reward your career in many years to come.

I am looking forward to receiving the submission of your latest research work to be published in this journal in the near future.

Xiaoxin Zhou
Editor in Chief, CSEE JPES